Is your dissertation topic achievable?

When you first choose a dissertation topic that you are interested in, it can be very difficult to know whether it is going to be achievable to carry out. This is particularly the case if you are an undergraduate student, attempting a dissertation for the first time, but it is also common amongst postgraduate students. However, there are a number of factors that influence whether your dissertation topic is likely to be achievable in the given months (give or take a few months) that you have to complete your dissertation. This page sets out some of the questions you should ask yourself before settling on a particular topic.

Your ability to complete your proposed dissertation will depend on the specific topic. However, there are a number of common factors that will determine whether your dissertation topic will be achievable. These include issues of access (to people, organisations, data, facilities, and information), what skills you have and what you can learn, what intellectual support you can get, the nature of your dissertation topic (broad versus narrow), and how interested you are in your dissertation topic. Whilst not all of the issues of access will necessarily apply to you, the other factors mentioned certainly will. As such, when thinking about your own dissertation topic, ask yourself: (1) Can I get the access I need? (2) Do I have the right skills? (3) Will I be able to get the intellectual help I need? (4) Is my dissertation topic too broad or too narrow? (5) Am I interested in this topic? Each of these questions is discussed in turn:


QUESTION 1: Can I get the access I need?
QUESTION 2: Do I have the right skills?
QUESTION 3: Will I be able to get the intellectual help I need?
QUESTION 4: Is my dissertation topic too broad or too narrow?
QUESTION 5: Am I interested in this topic?



Can I get the access I need?
When thinking about issues of access, ask yourself: Can I get the access I need to: (a) people; (b) organisations; (c) data; (d) information; and (e) facilities.

We address each of these in turn:

If the people you are trying to get access to are employees in an organisation, jump to the next major bullet point (Organisation). However, if these people are members of the public or some particular section of society (i.e., some specific social group), you need to think about two main issues: sampling and ethics.

Sampling is a critical component of the Research Strategy chapter of your dissertation. A poorly designed sampling strategy will inevitably lead to significant weaknesses in your findings, as well as your ability to answer the research questions and/or hypotheses that you have set. The question arises: How do I know whether sampling is going to be a problem that affects the achievability of my dissertation?

If you have not yet completed your dissertation proposal, and only have a dissertation topic idea, you may not yet know what research design you will use, or the appropriate sampling strategy that goes with it. Assuming that you now know what research design you are using (i.e., either a quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods research design), and the broad sampling strategy you will adopt (i.e., either probability or non-probability sampling strategy), we can come back to the question: How do I know whether sampling is going to be a problem that affects the achievability of my dissertation?

If you intend to use a probability sampling technique, the main factor that could make this part of your dissertation unachievable is the inability to get hold of a complete list of the population you want to study. For example, imagine you were interested in the career choices of all students at your university (i.e., your population is the 10,000 students at your university). If Student Records or whatever department that is responsible for maintaining the list of all students at the university will not give you access to this list, you cannot use a probability sampling technique. In many cases, the list of the population you need will not be available. If using a probability sampling technique is critical to your choice of dissertation topic, clearly you may have to rethink or tweak the topic (or at least, the methodological components of your dissertation). Even if a list exists, try and get a sense early on how long it will take to get permission to access such a list. If possible, get written permission that you will be granted access to the list. After all, when it comes to releasing the list to you, the person who gave you verbal permission may not have the authority to give you access.

If you plan to use a non-probability sampling technique, you need to think carefully about the population you are targeting. For example, if you are using purposive sampling, can you get access to the specific individuals that are important to the phenomenon you are researching? If you are using snowball sampling, do you think that enough people will come forward in time for you sample to be large enough? Think about the type of non-probability sampling technique you may need to use for your dissertation topic to see what potential challenges you may face.

Ethics should be taken into account in dissertation research, but ethics is only something that affects the achievability of your dissertation in a small number of cases. Ask yourself: Does my proposed dissertation topic involve?

Participants that are under 18 years of age.

Access to sensitive research environments.

Situations where participants may be caused stress, discomfort or harm.

Findings that identify individuals, groups or organisations.

If the answer to any of these questions is YES, you may need to complete an ethics proposal for your supervisor or perhaps even the Ethics Committee of your university. You may also have to gain additional forms of approval, such as the formal approval of parents (or a legal guardian) if participants are under 18 years of age. There are two potential factors to consider here:

How much time will it take to complete your ethics proposal and get permission from any of these groups (e.g., supervisors, Ethics Committees, parents, legal guardians, etc.)?
What if my supervisor or the Ethics Committee rejects my ethics proposal? How long will it take to re-submit? Will I have to come up with a completely new dissertation topic?
If you are keen on the dissertation topic that you have selected, it is worth jumping through these hurdles. However, bear in mind that they can slow down the dissertation process. Therefore, tweaking your dissertation topic idea to avoid obvious ethical issues (and barriers) may be worth considering.

If your dissertation involves gaining access to a particular organisation, we would strongly advise contacting that organisation before deciding to go ahead with your dissertation topic. Even if there is more than one organisation that you could use, it is strongly advised to find out whether such access is going to be likely before finalising your dissertation topic. Unfortunately, many organisations are not open to student research, which can make primary data collection very difficult.

There are a number of common hurdles that students face when trying to gain access to organisations to conduct research:

It is not uncommon for organisations to grant access and then take it away at the last minute. Whilst this is a worst case scenario, we have seen this happen first hand. Often, access has been promised, but not guaranteed. It is important to get written confirmation from organisations as early as possible. Without written permission, there are really no guarantees that access will not be withdrawn.

The level of access granted can also become a problem. Without support from more senior people in the organisation(s) you are interested in, it may be very difficult to get the depth of access you need. Furthermore, some dissertations run into difficulties because key contacts leave or the internal projects associated with the dissertation are cancelled, so managers lose interest. This can result in two potentially significant problems down the line: First, you may be unable to employ the sampling strategy that you want. Second, it may be very difficult to get the sample size that you need, which can seriously undermine the quality of your findings, as well as your ability to answer your research questions and/or hypothesis. This will inevitably lead to a lower mark.

To see if these potential problems can be overcome, we suggest that you:

Make a simple call to the main number of a small organisation or the Press Department if you are contacting a large organisation. This will give you a sense of whether an organisation is open to student research. Since some organisations have a policy of not working with students in this way, it can be a quick way to find out if you need to change or tweak your dissertation topic to accommodate what access is and is not going to be possible.

Follow up the initial call (either by phone or letter) to see if you can get support for your research by a senior person within the organisation. If this individual will act as a champion internally for the research, you will have a much better chance of gaining the level of access required to gather the data you need.

If your dissertation topic requires a lot of secondary data, it is important to check whether you can get access to this before you settle on your idea. There are many advantages of using secondary data, but there are a number of potential disadvantages that can impede your ability to carry out your research, or at the very least, reduce its quality. Ask yourself?

Is there sufficient data?

Is the data publicly accessible?

Can I get permission to use the data?

Does the data include all the variables/information I need?

Sometimes, collecting secondary data can be even harder than conducting primary research, especially if the data you need is difficult to access or spread over many locations. If you can identify the data you need early on, try and get written permission to access the data before you decide on your dissertation topic.

Since journal articles, books, and other such resources are so critical to a good literature review, which forms the platform for your dissertation research, it is worth checking that you have access to such information. It is best not to assume that your university has access to the research materials that you need. Your university may subscribe to literally hundreds, if not thousands of journals, but sometimes the odd journal, even major ones, is missed out. If your dissertation topic is all about international business, for example, you don’t want to find out that you have not access to the Journal of International Business Studies; unless you are prepare to pay for access yourself! Therefore, when choosing a topic, ask yourself:

Does my university have access to the journals I need?

If not, can I get access to these journals from another source (e.g., Questia or BNET)?

How much will inter-library loans cost me for journals or books that I need?

Purchasing access to a single journal article can range between £5 and 30 (give or take), so if you need to purchase a lot of them yourself, the price can soon stack up.

Access to facilities is only likely to become an achievability issue if:

such facilities are critical to your dissertation topic success in a given field (e.g., access to science equipment, engineering tools, pharmacy labs, etc.);

such facilities are difficult to book in advance, making it impossible to ensure you will get the amount of access time you need;

such facilities pose health and safety issues that you will have to first address.

Therefore, ask yourself:

How critical is access to certain facilities to my dissertation topic?

Are there any health and safety hoops to jump through?

Are the facilities open when I will be performing my research?

Can I book these facilities in advance if access time is precious?

If any of these issues affect you, we would recommend that you check that you can get the access you need before deciding on your dissertation topic.



Do I have the right skills?
If you are particularly keen on a dissertation topic, it can be easy to overlook the particular skills you will need to complete it. Even if you have identified the skills you will need, it is tempting to think that because you have so many months to complete your dissertation, you can just learn these skills along the way. It may be that you are good at qualitative-based subjects, but want to do a dissertation topic that would involve a lot of quantitative (i.e., statistical) work. Alternately, you may need to do a lot of interviews in your dissertation, but you know you are a very shy person. Clearly, these sorts of things should not put you off doing the dissertation topic you are interested in. However, it is important to remember that the dissertation process is a hard one, especially if you are an undergraduate student that has not completed a dissertation before. Playing to your strengths is not a weakness.

When thinking about your dissertation topic and the skills it may require, also ask yourself:

Am I a quantitative or qualitative person (or both)?

Will I feel comfortable talking with people or working with data/information?

How good are my English-language skills?

Will anyone be able to help me if I don’t have the right skills?

What resources does the university have to help me if I don’t have the right skills?

These are obviously crude questions, but hopefully you get the point we are trying to make. Playing to your strengths will inevitably make the dissertation process go more smoothly and help you to achieve a higher mark.



Will I be able to get the intellectual help I need?
It is sad to say, but one of the biggest criticisms that students have of the dissertation process is the lack of support they had from their tutor(s) and/or supervisor(s). However, sometimes it is possible to get support from other academics within your university. This can be particularly useful when your supervisor is not an expert in the field you are interested in. Not all Academic Departments ensure that you have supervisors that are experts in your area.  Finding a sympathetic and interested academic can also be really important throughout the dissertation process, especially when it comes to giving guidance on your literature review. Whilst we would never recommend abandoning a dissertation topic because you don’t think you will be able to get this kind of intellectual help, it certainly should be a consideration when choosing a dissertation topic.



Is my dissertation topic too broad or too narrow?
If your dissertation topic is based on a qualitative research design (or even a mixed-methods design), it will more likely start with a more broad perspective of whatever you are interested in, which narrows over time; especially when compared with a quantitative research design. However, irrespective of the research design you adopt, or the research philosophy driving it, your dissertation topic should not be either too broad or too narrow. If your dissertation topic is very narrow, it will certainly be more achievable, but it may be rejected at the proposal stage. If it is too broad, you may never be able to achieve the research aims or questions you set yourself. Since it can be very difficult to identify whether your dissertation topic is too broad (or too narrow) when you simply have an idea for a study, we have tried to explain what you should think about: Is my dissertation topic too broad?



Am I interested in this topic?
This sounds like a stupid question. After all, you probably would not have come up with the topic in the first place if it was not of interest. However, we know of so many students that choose a dissertation topic because they are running out of time to submit their proposals. However, if there is one thing that past-students will tell you about their dissertation experience, it would be that the whole process can be very stressful. The dissertation is a journey, as corny as that sounds, with some ups, and plenty of downs! It will most likely be the largest and most challenging piece of work you have done to date. Having a strong interest in the topic will be one of the most important factors helping you through the lows, as well as encouraging you to spend extra time reviewing the literature, which is essential, but also very time consuming. After all, you would not want to read a book that you had no interested in. However, doing a literature review is just like reading a big book (or lots of books); it’s just that the book is more likely to be a whole bunch of journal articles. If you don’t have a strong interest in the topic you are doing, it will make reading these articles very difficult, and even more time consuming than it already is. So choose a topic that you are really interested in.


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